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Filters and Post-processing

Since OPENRNDR has extensive support for rendering to off-screen buffers it is easy to apply effects and filters to the off-screen buffers.

Basic usage

To demonstrate the ease of using filters we show an example of applying a blur filter to a drawing on a render target.

fun main() = application {
    configure {
        width = 770
        height = 578
    }
    program {
        // -- create offscreen render target
        val offscreen = renderTarget(width, height) {
            colorBuffer()
            depthBuffer()
        }
        // -- create blur filter
        val blur = BoxBlur()
        
        // -- create colorbuffer to hold blur results
        val blurred = colorBuffer(width, height)
        

        extend {
            // -- draw to offscreen buffer
            drawer.isolatedWithTarget(offscreen) {
                clear(ColorRGBa.BLACK)
                fill = ColorRGBa.PINK
                stroke = null
                circle(cos(seconds) * 100.0 + width / 2, sin(seconds) * 100.0 + height / 2.0, 100.0 + 100.0 * cos(seconds * 2.0))
            }
            // -- set blur parameters
            blur.window = 30
            
            // -- blur offscreen's color buffer into blurred
            blur.apply(offscreen.colorBuffer(0), blurred)
            drawer.image(blurred)
        }
    }
}

Link to the full example

Writing your own filters

You may be wondering how to create your own filters. If so, good news, it is fairly easy to write your own filter if you are familiar with fragment shaders in GLSL. The easiest way to write your own filter is to use the Filter class by extending it. The Filter class takes care of setting up render state, geometry and projections so all you have to do is write a shader.

What follows is an example of how to create a Filter from a shader whose code is stored as a String. The filter we will be making is a simple noise filter.

../media/filters-002.jpg

fun main() = application {
    val noiseShader = """
        #version 330
        // -- part of the filter interface, every filter has these
        in vec2 v_texCoord0;
        uniform sampler2D tex0;
        out vec4 o_color;

        // -- user parameters
        uniform float gain;
        uniform float time;

        #define HASHSCALE 443.8975
        vec2 hash22(vec2 p) {
            vec3 p3 = fract(vec3(p.xyx) * HASHSCALE);
            p3 += dot(p3, p3.yzx+19.19);
            return fract(vec2((p3.x + p3.y)*p3.z, (p3.x+p3.z)*p3.y));
        }

        void main() {
            float n = hash22(v_texCoord0+vec2(time)).x;
            // here we read from the input image and add noise
            vec4 color = texture(tex0, v_texCoord0) + vec4(vec3(n), 0.0) * gain;
            o_color = color;
        }
        """
    
    class Noise : Filter(filterShaderFromCode(noiseShader, "noise-shader")) {
        // -- note the 'by parameters' here, this is what wires the fields up to the uniforms
        var gain: Double by parameters
        var time: Double by parameters
        
        init {
            gain = 1.0
            time = 0.0
        }
    }
    program {
        // -- create the noise filter
        val noise = Noise()
        val offscreen = renderTarget(width, height) {
            colorBuffer()
            depthBuffer()
        }
        
        extend {
            // -- draw to offscreen buffer
            drawer.isolatedWithTarget(offscreen) {
                clear(ColorRGBa.BLACK)
                fill = ColorRGBa.PINK
                stroke = null
                circle(cos(seconds) * 100.0 + width / 2, sin(seconds) * 100.0 + height / 2.0, 100.0 + 100.0 * cos(seconds * 2.0))
            }
            // apply the noise on and to offscreen.colorBuffer(0),
            // this only works for filters that only read from
            // the current fragment.
            noise.time = seconds
            noise.gain = 1.0
            noise.apply(offscreen.colorBuffer(0), offscreen.colorBuffer(0))
            
            drawer.image(offscreen.colorBuffer(0))
        }
    }
}

Link to the full example

The orx-fx library

A repository of ready-to-use filters for OPENRNDR can be found in the ORX repository, a partial index of the filters can be found in the orx-fx chapter

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