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Images

Images are stored in ColorBuffer instances, the image data resides in GPU memory

Loading and drawing images

Images are loaded using the loadImage function and drawn using Drawer.image.

../media/image-001.jpg

fun main() = application {
    configure {}
    program {
        val image = loadImage("data/images/cheeta.jpg")
        
        extend {
            drawer.image(image)
        }
    }
}

Link to the full example

To change the location of the image one can use Drawer.image with extra coordinates provided.

drawer.image(image, 40.0, 40.0)

Extra width and height arguments can be provided to draw a scaled version of the image

drawer.image(image, 40.0, 40.0, 64.0, 48.0)

Drawing parts of images

It is possible to draw parts of images by specifying source and target rectangles. The source rectangle describes the area that should be taken from the image and presented in the target rectangle.

../media/image-002.jpg

fun main() = application {
    program {
        val image = loadImage("data/images/cheeta.jpg")
        
        extend {
            val source = Rectangle(0.0, 0.0, 320.0, 240.0)
            val target = Rectangle(160.0, 120.0, 320.0, 240.0)
            drawer.image(image, source, target)
        }
    }
}

Link to the full example

Drawing many parts of images

../media/image-003.jpg

fun main() = application {
    program {
        val image = loadImage("data/images/cheeta.jpg")
        
        extend {
            val areas = (0..10).flatMap { y ->
                (0..10).map { x ->
                    val source = Rectangle(x * (width / 10.0), y * (height / 10.0), width / 5.0, height / 5.0)
                    val target = Rectangle(x * (width / 10.0), y * (height / 10.0), width / 10.0, height / 10.0)
                    source to target
                }
            }
            drawer.image(image, areas)
        }
    }
}

Link to the full example

Changing the appearance of images

A linear color transform can be applied to images by setting Drawer.drawStyle.colorMatrix to a Matrix55 value.

Tinting

Tinting multiplies the image color with a tint color.

../media/image-004.jpg

fun main() = application {
    program {
        val image = loadImage("data/images/cheeta.jpg")
        
        extend {
            drawer.drawStyle.colorMatrix = tint(ColorRGBa.RED)
            drawer.image(image, 0.0, 0.0)
        }
    }
}

Link to the full example

Inverting

Drawing an image with inverted colors can be achieved by using the invert color matrix.

../media/image-005.jpg

fun main() = application {
    program {
        val image = loadImage("data/images/cheeta.jpg")
        
        extend {
            drawer.drawStyle.colorMatrix = invert
            drawer.image(image, 0.0, 0.0)
        }
    }
}

Link to the full example

Grayscale

Drawing an image with inverted colors can be achieved by using the grayscale color matrix.

../media/image-006.jpg

fun main() = application {
    program {
        val image = loadImage("data/images/cheeta.jpg")
        
        extend {
            // -- the factors below determine the RGB mixing factors
            drawer.drawStyle.colorMatrix = grayscale(1.0 / 3.0, 1.0 / 3.0, 1.0 / 3.0)
            drawer.image(image)
        }
    }
}

Link to the full example

Concatenating color transforms

Color transforms can be combined using the multiplication operator. This is called transform concatenation. Keep in mind that transform concatenations are read from right to left, and in the following example we first apply the grayscale transform and then the tint transform.

../media/image-007.jpg

fun main() = application {
    program {
        val image = loadImage("data/images/cheeta.jpg")
        
        extend {
            // -- here we concatenate the transforms using the multiplication operator.
            drawer.drawStyle.colorMatrix = tint(ColorRGBa.PINK) * grayscale()
            drawer.image(image)
        }
    }
}

Link to the full example